Written by Bakr Ali Abed
Translation by abdulateef alzubaidy
A member of the High Committee for Human Rights in Iraq, Ali al-Bayati said the existence of 1800 prisoners sentenced to death in Iraq on charges of terrorism until mid-2016. In a statement to the agency «Sputnik» Russian news agency added that 25 women were sentenced to death, within the number of sentenced to the mentioned, pointing out that there is no update of the statistics of prisoners sentenced to death sentences since the middle of last year. He confirmed that the number of executions of those convicted, during 2015, amounted to 26, and 88 executions in 2016. Al-Bayati said that the number of executions until 15/11/ 2017 amounted to 73 executions.
The United Nations Commission has confirmed that the current laws in Iraq lack a clear definition of torture, As well as Non-independence of the judiciary and its reliance on the testimony of the secret informer …, The UN has confirmed the death penalty was applied to a wide range of acts that are not among the most serious acts. As well as limited to a sect Alone, The committee is wondering at the same time can the death penalty be stopped. Is it possible? At the very least, to limit punishment to the most serious crimes only?
The Geneva International Center for Justice (CJJ) revealed in its report following a discussion of the UN Committee against Torture (CAT) and the crimes of alhashid alshaabi the sectarian militias under the pretext of combating terrorism The Commission noted in the interview that these groups are committing crimes of burning, arresting and torturing Iraqis without any charges and focusing on a particular sect, and applying the death sentences through unfair judgement, And sometimes only takes a few minutes, loaded at the same time the government of Abadi responsibility for these crimes committed.
from his side, A member of the Belgian Organization for Human Rights Branch of Iraq Wissam Al-Abdullah that “Many of the local committees wanted to visit prisons but were prevented by the Iraqi authorities, which fear visits by human rights organizations to see the reality of the detainees situation and their tragic situation. In all prisons run by the Ministry of Justice, where they are subjected to the worst forms of torture and blatant violation of detainee rights”.
He added in an interview with Al-Nour News that these reports document serious violations committed daily in Iraqi prisons and we have often called on the international community to move to visit these prisons in Baghdad, Nasiriyah, Taji and Abu Ghraib, but we have not been heard. “
Women detained in government prisons had a share in the report of the Committee, which indicated that there was evidence that women were subjected to abuse and torture, as well as illegal detentions, which forced them to sign white papers to be filled with confessions used against them, confirmed that the law on combating terrorism No. 13 of 2005, is used to put a lot in detention without legal justification, but for political or sectarian reasons and that the majority of women detainees are Sunni, estimated to be about 4,200 detainees. There are dozens of prisons in the cities of Iraq, which are divided between the Ministries of Justice, Defense, the Interior, the Intelligence Service and the Directorate of General Intelligence, as well as dozens of others belonging to the alhashid alshaabi Militia.
Iraqi human rights organizations estimate that more than a quarter of a million people are in prison; Most of them are accused of terrorism, of whom about 60% Did not help his luck to be presented to the judiciary, but was arrested and imprisoned directly, as has been the practice for many years.
The Iraqi authorities and the Interior Ministry are trying to cover up the number of real arrested people in more than one occasion, but the higher judiciary has revealed approximate numbers by announcing the number of detainees released each month.
Abadi was forced to form a committee to investigate the violations, “but the authorities did not disclose any results of the investigation, or declare any criminal proceedings against the perpetrators.” This year and previous year have suffered from continuing “widespread torture and other ill-treatment in prisons, Detention centers controlled by the Ministries of the Interior and Defense, and facilities controlled by militias, While international organizations condemned the crimes of organizing “Islamic state” as war crimes, At the same time, it has documented the “war crimes” committed by Paramilitary militias and government forces And other violations of international humanitarian and human rights law, Most of them are focused on Sunni Arabs.”
Those who follow the unfolding of the practices of militias and government forces in the investigative press, as well as Iraqi and international organizations, in the liberated cities from”ISIS” Will recognize the extent and horror of the sectarian and ethnic discrimination established by the occupation and continue to feed the politicians of the regime, with the help of their executioners, for fear of freedom and dignity. The reports of local and international human rights organizations on violations in Iraq are not exaggerated, but they help to bring down the lying mask worn by Abadi and the politicians regime’s to prepare the whole truth for the world and, most importantly, for the Iraqi people, without exception.