In the summer of 2014 (ISIS) took control of large areas in Diyala province, Iraqi army and Al-hashid al-shaabi Militia forces supported by the International Alliance carried out large-scale military operations in which they liberated all areas. However, there is a very serious phenomenon occurring in the liberated areas of Diyala province, which is the destruction of the homes of displaced persons and the dispossession of their lands. Where the displaced families who returned to their areas in the province of Diyala have settled a little, until they were raided by militia shells. At the time when the local government announces the return of hundreds of families as an achievement, the reality is very different. The field image of the indiscriminate bombardment of mortars reflects a return and prevention at the same time, which counted by the people laughing at the public opinion and disregard for all, demanding an international intervention on this subject.
One member of the returning families, a resident of one of the towns of Muqdadiya, northeast of the province, said that “the local government had asked us earlier to return to our areas, after the displacement of more than two years, we could not stay in the camp.” Because “militias and with the sunset every day begins bombing operations of the region, which resulted in the fall of many wounded. Where he and his family returned from about 50 families to his area, but were not happy to return because the Mortar shells hunt them every day, He confirmed that “the region turns every night to the area of ghosts, and do not hear where the sound of the mortar is falling here and there, While we cannot return to the camp, which closed our files, and we are not allowed to open a new file, “appealing to the authorities to put an end to these violations targeting the displaced.
For his part, the deputy from the province of Diyala, Raad AlDahlaki confirmed that “cases of murder and criminality returned to the province of Diyala where it appeared again Criminal armed groups “.
He added that “these groups carried out bloody operations aimed at destabilizing the security and spread terror among innocent civilians; the area of the Imam’s River in the city of Muqdadiya to a torrent Of mortar shells, which resulted in the injury of many citizens returning from displacement to force them to return to the camps. “
He expressed his regret and astonishment at the “silence of the security services and their lack of action to deter these criminal operations, and this is a dangerous thing to be aware of, as the blood and security of the citizen and his protection is their responsibility,” confirming that “those who do not comply with this national duty, To protect the security of the citizen by accounting for all the delinquent towards his people and his country.”
Al-Dahlaki called Prime Minister Haider Alabadi to “Follow-up security file for the province of Diyala directly, because it is integral to the security and stability of Iraq, As well as hold accountable all those who overlook the criminals and killers to satisfy those behind these schemes to feel that the citizen does not return to terrorism and tyranny and compromise on his security and dignity.
Local officials say that “the local government announces the return of the displaced, and its militias are pursuing them.” And Sheikh Hashem al-Jubouri said, One of the elders of the province, “the government has announced several times about the return of hundreds of displaced, but the reality reflects something different, the return is very few, and militia shells surrounding the returnees, Noting that “the local government laugh at the public opinion, they announce the return of families on the one hand And prevent them on the other hand by shelling.” He added that “the central government ignores all our calls, which requires international intervention and pressure on the government to resolve this crisis.”
There is also information confirming the spread of the members of the militias ”Militia Al-hashid al-shaabi “, in the region (Naft Khana) In the province of Diyala (east) near the Iraqi-Iranian border on the pretext of the existence of a “ISIS”, while security sources confirmed that this deployment was in coordination with the Iranian side, Where the Iranian army is often gesturing the elimination of the organization “ISIS”Inside Iraqi territory if close to 40 kilometers from the border and the information confirms that Iranian advisers were accompanied by militia members. The source confirmed the existence of coordination between the”Militia Al-hashid al-shaabi” and the Iranian armed forces to eliminate any presence of “ISIS” near the border with Iran, pointing out that this action is aimed at carrying out a preemptive operation that prevents the fighters from getting close to the border.
He pointed out that the Iraqi helicopter flight searches for members “ISIS” along the border with Iran for fear of any violations in these areas, noting that the Iranian reconnaissance patrols often enter Iraqi territory to carry out some of the intelligence missions’ flash.
To that The Deputy general commander To the Iranian army Brigadier General Ahmed Reda Burdistan, Confirmed the presence of a number of members of the”ISIS” in the province of Diyala, indicating that his forces have full security supervision of these members.
“The agency” Tasnim “Iran, About Burdistan, Saying “If the ISIS members exceeded 40 kilometers towards the Iranian border and approached the border The strategy of the armed forces is to eliminate this gang before reaching the border,probablity to clash with the ” ISIS ” inside the Iraqi province of Diyala.
He pointed to the deployment of ground forces of the Iranian army on the western border adjacent to the province of Diyala, indicating that the Iranian forces are conducting comprehensive monitoring and there is no cause for concern.
In the past, Militia Al-hashid al-shaabi has announced the launch of a military operation near the Iraqi-Iranian border with the support of the Iraqi Army Air Force to eliminate the pockets of the ISIS organization and to promote the region, which is considered a strategic dimension. While information indicates that this operation aims to secure ways of military supplies to the militias that come from Iran.
The media of the militia Al-hashid al-shaabi confirmed that the military operation of the militia, which was launched in the area of Naft Khana, northeast of Diyala, carried out six axes, explaining in a statement that the operation is supported by the Iraqi army.
He referred to participation of the Squads 24 and 110,Of the militia, in the military operation, Pointing out that the battles in this region aimed to eliminate the members of the organization “ISIS” and work to strengthen the security of the region, which is considered a strategic dimension.
to that, The representative of the ” militia Al-hashid al-shaabi ” in Diyala, Ziyad al-Tamimi, said that a large operation to hunt down members of the “ISIS” Explaining, During a press statement that the operation was launched after receiving accurate intelligence information indicating the presence of a number of members of the organization “ISIS” in the areas of Wadi Thalab and Wadi qzlaqz of Naft Khana, and other areas within the said segment.
Local officials confirm that those who control Naft Khana zone control the traffic routes connecting Iraq with Iran, explaining that the border area, which has become virtually free of population due to military operations, has already suffered from the migration of its population during the Iran-Iraq war of the 1980s Saying that security in this sensitive area can only be achieved through the air force cover, which the ” militia Al-hashid al-shaabi ” is trying to reach by seeking to form an air force linked to it.
The leader of the militia, ” militia Al-hashid al-shaabi ” a member of the Iraqi parliament, Hadi al-Ameri, Earlier, said most of the weapons of the militia comes from Iran, confirmed that without Iranian support would have reached the organization “ISIS” to Baghdad.
It is noteworthy that the Naft Khana area is one of the important areas in Diyala province, because of its strategic location It has a view On a number of main roads, And its geographical link to the border with Iran, and it was a rich area in Diyala province, because of the containment of a number of oil wells, before becoming a military zone since the outbreak of the Iran-Iraq war (1980-1988) to date.
A police officer in the province of Diyala confirmed that the ” militia Al-hashid al-shaabi ” took advantage of the security deterioration caused by the attacks of the organization “ISIS” on the qara Tabah village, in order to spread extensively in the surroundings of the town, noting that while the checkpoints set up by the militia began to narrow A large number of civilians walking around the qara Tabah village.
The officer pointed to the diminution of the role of Iraqi forces from the army and police in this area, which is almost completely under the control of the militia, ”Al-hashid al-shaabi” indicating that the Iraqi security services feared clashes with militia members who enjoy immunity in Diyala.
It is noteworthy that the province of Diyala border with Iran is the largest strongholds of Iraqi militias associated with the Iranian Revolutionary Guards, and accused by Iraqi parliamentarians and politicians to carry out kidnappings and killing according to identity in a number of cities and mixed areas, as well as the bombing and burning of dozens of mosques in the province Affiliated to the Diwan Sunni Endowment.
A former Iraqi parliamentarian in Diyala province, in the past, called the militia Al-hashid al-shaabi to return heavy equipment belonging to the Ministry of Water Resources. The militia Al-hashid al-shaabi used it to dig trenches and build fortifications during the war against ISIS organization in the province, which did not return after the end of the war. In spite of the definite need in the agricultural work of irrigation and purification of channels and streams and others.
The economy of Diyala province, east of the capital Baghdad, depends mainly on agriculture, which is the main source of income for its population, but the sector recorded a significant decline in the period after 2003 due to the weakness of government programs in the field of agriculture. The situation is further exacerbated by the security conditions that have existed since the invasion of an organization ISIS for several villages and areas in the province.
The situation in Diyala has not improved despite being declared completely restored from the control of the ISIS organization since the winter of 2015, where participated in the war Shiite militias included in the militia Al-hashid al-shaabi, and continues to hold many areas of the province Whose people complain about the practices of those militias against them, the most dangerous of which is the prevention of the return of displaced persons to their homes, which they had left to flee the war.
Many argue that the narrowing of the militias to the population of Diyala is part of a systematic scheme to bring about a demographic change by increasing the number of Shiites and reducing the number of Sunnis into the security belt of neighboring Iran.
The economic activity in Diyala has been greatly affected by the security conditions in place, including agricultural activity. The MP Furat al-Tamimi said that “Many agricultural machines and diggers were granted to the popular crowd after the events of June 2014 to strengthen the engineering effort in the construction of the fortifications and trenches in the battles of liberating the cities of Diyala from the control of ISIS organization. But the fighting is over and there is no longer a need for the presence of such equipment and excavators in the militia Al-hashid al-shaabi, “calling for” return to its constituencies so that they can be used in support of the agricultural plan, especially irrigation and purification of streams and agricultural streams. “
And that “all machines and excavators belonging to the maintenance unit of irrigation projects in Diyala and its return will strengthen the rates of implementation of annual plans in irrigation and purification, which is one of the factors supporting agricultural plans.”
As for the issue of the displaced, everyone knows that the file is in the hands of the followers of Iran they are politicians and influential militia leaders.
And that the displaced in Diyala are waiting for a political decision to return, it is linked to the approval of the leader of the Badr Organization Hadi Alamiri On their return.
And “Diyala has been restored from the duel since mid-2014, and we are now close to the mid of 2018 and did not allow the displaced people to return despite the safety of their security.”
The irony is that the Sunni demand for the return of the displaced to the areas restored from ISIS organization comes dim if it comes from Baghdad and is noisy, if it is from outside. None of the Sunni politicians in Iraq wants tension with an armed faction backed by Iran.
While leaders in the militia Al-hashid al-shaabi required large sums of money within the so-called “tribal recompense” as compensation from the people of Muqdadiya in the province of Diyala, claiming that the inhabitants of the former areas were the incubators of the ISIS. But spokesman for the militia Al-hashid al-shaabi Ahmad al-Asadi described these actions as allegations, considering the return of the displaced as priorities of the militia Al-hashid al-shaabi after the liberation of each region. He added that the areas that did not allow the return of the people to be cleared of explosive devices and secure them to prevent the return of armed militants ISIS again, accusing some of the media to distort the image of Al-hashid al-shaabi and portray it as a sectarian militia.
According to independent statistics, of the 150,000 displaced families in Diyala province, only 2,000 have returned. Some say there are concerns among some Shiite parties about activating the system of the federative. Sunni provinces are expected to move towards federalism as a single bloc or individually, which will erode much of the geography in which the project of political Shiism is being expanded. Where these parties believe that the imposition of Shiism on these areas and prevent their people from returning to keep them in the government’s possession, and the decision to return the displaced is in the hands of the militia Al-hashid al-shaabi and the government cannot intervene.
And that Sunni politicians and representatives of these regions in particular do not dare most of them to claim the rights of their representatives, because they fear being accused of terrorism.
While a dark future prevails for the people of these areas because of the organized policy of destitution exercised against them after the destruction of their homes, industry and farms.
The situation is not very different in the map of the Arab-Kurdish conflict, which extends from the outskirts of Diyala in the towns of Jalawla and Saadiyah and then Aledhem to pass through the area of Sulaiman Peak southeast of Kirkuk and then to the northern and eastern parts of Nineveh as the cities of Zammar and Wana and Rabiaa and Quier and others.
Kurds who were demanding the annexation of these areas to the Kurdistan region before many of them fall into the hands of ISIS organization, the vast majority of the people of these areas were prevented from returning to their homes after the Peshmerga forces regained control over most of them.
The Kurdistan Regional Government denies any attacks in these areas or attempts to forcibly annex them to the Kurdistan region or prevent its people from returning to it, as the MP of the Kurdistan Alliance, Vian Dakhil, said. “Displaced people in these areas cannot return because most of them are destroyed.
A number of people have been killed and wounded in the bombing of government air forces from time to time on villages in the province of Diyala in support of sectarian crimes by the militias on the ground.
And that the first regiment in the 20th Brigade of the Fifth Division was coordinated with him in order to target the area of the Endowment basin (22 km northeast of Baquba) between the orchards of the villages of Mukhisa and Shikhi,Where it spreads in the villages mentioned.
It is mentioned The villages north-east of Baquba are being subjected to various ongoing sectarian attacks, carried out by militias backed by government forces, in implementation of the Iranian politicians malicious to make a demographic change of the region. Where the sectarian militias targeted the villages by mortar shells the villages northeast of the city of Baquba in Diyala province, causing material damage to the homes of citizens and their agricultural land.
A government source in the police said that mortar shells fell in the surroundings of the villages of Zarkush in the area of Hamrin, northeast of Baquba, without any human casualties, but the losses were in the homes of civilians and their farmland.
As well That the areas of Diyala province From time to time suffer from acts of violence represented by explosions, bombings and armed attacks, by sectarian militias Effective in the current government, Resulting in the deaths of dozens of civilians between the dead and wounded, and intended to displace civilians and make a demographic change in their areas.
As well Areas of the villages of Dainia Basin east of the province was exposed From time to time to mortar shelling and Katyusha rockets, by sectarian militias, resulting in human and material losses.
And that police forces arrived at the site of the shells and opened an investigation in the incident and did not reach anything to mention.
More than 700 families displaced from the towns of Saadia and Muqdadiyah and their surroundings in Diyala province suffer greatly in Al-Wund camp, close to the Iraqi-Iranian border, while militia Al-hashid al-shaabi refuse to return them to their homes.
Al-hashid al-shaabi militias are preventing the return of these displaced people who have left their homes, citing various pretexts, most notably accusing them of collaborating with(ISIS) armed militants during their control of those areas in mid-2014,as local officials said.
And that the displaced complained about being subjected to various kinds of insults when they return to their areas. The Iraqi authorities have allowed the return of dozens of former displaced persons from Muqdadiya, but armed militias at the gate of the town ordered them to return from where they came. Some spoke about some displaced persons who had returned to Sa’adia town but had been kidnapped and detained by militias.
But the biggest problem facing many of these displaced people is their destroyed homes and their livelihoods. In the absence of security, their return to their areas in Diyala province It is postponed indefinitely, apparently..
The displaced complained about the return of the detention campaigns with the return of the activity of the secret detective in the province, and the reliance on it by the security forces and the joint forces of the militia and Tigris Operations Forces, conducting arrests in a number of areas of Diyala province, affecting young people, In collusion with the ISIS organization. “And that Al-hashid al-shaabi militias every time carrying out arrest campaigns in the province.
A member of the Senate of Diyala province, Sheikh Salman al-Majma’i, said that”militia Al-hashid al-shaabi is conducting arrest campaigns in conjunction with every religious occasion. ” He said the arrests Represents the return of the activity of the secret detective in the province, and depend on it by the security forces and by the militia Al-hashid al-shaabi, indicating that “the return of the secret detective represents the return of sectarian escalation and campaigns of revenge.
And that the charge that is directed to the detainees all of the charges are malicious and out of the law, and must be stopped deal, because the impact will be negative on peaceful coexistence in the Diyala province.
militia Al-hashid al-shaabi, in coordination with the provincial administration, reorganized the work of secret detectives in a number of areas of Diyala province, including the town of Al-Adhem, Khalis, Hebheb and other areas.
And that the informants receive support, funding and protection by these militias, in return for their communications to the judiciary under the name of support and cooperation with the security forces.
And that the militias agreed with Diyala Governor Muthanna al-Tamimi, a leader in Al-hashid al-shaabi, to provide support and protection to these informants, as they (informants) provide support to the security forces, and cooperated with them through the detection of those involved in the association with ISIS.
And that the informants began to organize their ranks, and began their work, and the leaders of Al-hashid al-shaabi and the security forces received reports from them, these reports contained charges of working with an ISIS and providing support TO ISIS.
For his part, The Diyala Provincial Council warned of the danger of the return of the secret detective system, which will restore retaliation in the province.
The summary of the topic
The displaced will remain (between a rock and a hard place) between the hammer of displacement and the hard place of the militias. In order to these militias take control on all Iraqi cities, The displaced person continues to suffer from an imaginary enemy that claims to be the presence of these terrorist militias, which he calls under the pretext of chasing the sleeper cells of the terrorist organization of ISIS and the militia Al-hashid al-shaabi will continue to bomb the villages inhabited by the displaced after they return to force them to abandon their villages again.