In a time of war and crisis, the problems are compounded and the society’s diseases increase from physical and psychological injuries and even serious social diseases, and go beyond legal violations that have a major impact on the security of society.
Among these problems comes the economic factor in the forefront of illegal acts, and the most serious of these violations related to food security and medication for the citizen where frequent mafia specialized smuggling For the Entering of goods outside the scope of the law, including the introduction of drugs and treatments expired in illegal ways and away from the authority of the State and its systems responsible for monitoring. Mafias move freely, working on the Entering of drugs in illegal ways not subject to examination by the regulatory authorities in the Ministries of Planning and Health.
The border crossing points are located in the committees of the Central Organization for Standardization and Quality Control and the areas under official inspection in the border areas on land roads. And that there are also committees belonging to the agency working at sea ports to examine and indicate the validity or quality of goods and goods entering Iraq. The control devices at the border crossings are working with all their cadres to examine the imported goods. Some illegal ports on the land border are smuggling to enter the materials which are not suitable for human use, whether they are medicines or foodstuffs.
In the context of financial and administrative corruption rampant in Iraq since it was plagued by the occupation blatant and failed governments that arose and grew up under him Spread in the markets of This country different Counterfeit and expired foods and medicines, Making Iraqi patients unable to distinguish between medicine that heals and another kills them, because both are sold in pharmacies and on sidewalks.
If affordable families find solutions to this big dilemma by buying foreign medicines from specific pharmacies, poor people living in remote villages and rural areas have no access to these pharmacies because they cannot afford to pay very expensive medicines.
The fears of counterfeit drugs are not the result of the hour, but return to the beginning of 2003, After the destruction of the Iraqi institutions by the occupation forces, and the disappearance of control on the medicines, to highlight the phenomena of cheating medicine, currency and food, and the spread of the phenomenon of what is called (sidewalk pharmacies), as the patient finds his needs on these sidewalks and not found in pharmacies. This serious problem has been exacerbated by the fact that many of these corrupt and adulterous medicines have found their way to the sidewalk vendors instead of pharmacies, due to administrative corruption, which has reached very large proportions, making the patient not distinguish between a usable medicine and a corrupt and lethal drugs whose sources are unknown.
Press sources pointed out the problem lies in the difficulty of knowing the patient about the reality of these deadly goods, because the gangs import cans of drugs from abroad and the packaging of fake drugs, which makes the patient believed to be original foreign medicines. However, it is regrettable that the successive governments of Iraq do not pay attention to this aspect seriously and accurately is “close eye and open an eye” and thus facilitate or condone or not care about the rampant corruption in state facilities and smuggling and bribes to facilitate the diversion of drugs expired or cheated and published in some From pharmacies And drug stores Or even on sidewalks.
Numerous official and informal And the media sources have been reported The issue of medicines and foods not usable and their presence in the Iraqi market, The Ministry of Health indicated that it detained about( 22.5) tons of expired medicines from pharmacies and drug stores and it pointed out that it had been closed (80) private institutions, (40) pharmacies,(15) special medicine stores and (5) scientific bureaus, (16) medical supplies and (4) herbal medicine stores and warnings to (43) health institutions for not complying with the conditions and violating regulations Ministry.
The Association of Pharmacists also conducted inspection rounds on pharmacies in different areas of Iraq for the purpose of reaching pharmacies and drugs stores for the purpose of closing and take legal action against those responsible on its in order to reducing the phenomenon of smuggling and counterfeit drugs spread in Iraq.
There are also hundreds of cases and physical documents dealt with by institutions and health control services and the media regarding corrupt medicines. The media reported the destruction of hundreds of tons of expired medicines imported from neighboring countries.
The problem of medicine and rotten food in Iraq remains one of the biggest problems, Until now, the security services have not been able to control the movement of drugs across borders or to discover informal laboratories to produce counterfeit treatments with international brands, or even to control the theft of state-owned pharmaceuticals and sell them on sidewalks So-called “sidewalk pharmacies”. The Ministry of Health has recognized the presence of drugs are manufactured inside the houses, especially in the capital Baghdad, and the presence of gangs manufacturing drugs in many areas of Iraq, and sell them to patients at cheap prices.
In return, Iraqi medicines enter the Iraqi market expired medicines Smuggled through land and sea border crossings are re-dated for sale to patients and cause several health disasters. One of these disasters was the seizure of the port of Basra in January 2017, of drugs that are not valid in three trucks.
Media and press reports have described the conditions of Iraqi hospitals as a transit point for death due to gross negligence, scarcity of drugs and anesthetics, and the disappearance of drugs used in cancer.
Let us not forget here what has been revealed about the diversion of cancer drugs, In Anbar province, and issue an arrest warrant against the former director-general of the province’s health, on charges of missing $ 4 million of cancer drugs from Ramadi General Hospital in early 2017. The arrest Director of the hospital in Ramadi on the background of the disappearance of cancer drugs from the hospital, while the director of the hospital that the drugs are missing and not stolen to justify his position… But how to drugs such as serious disease like cancer to disappear suddenly and this value?
In March of 2017 a drug smuggling operation was discovered from Egypt to Iraq, where the Egyptian High Public Prosecutors’ Office ordered the detention of a group of suspects in the smuggling of drugs to Iraq. It also ordered the arrest of the other suspects quickly and the distribution of more than 20 tons of medicines. Seized during an attempt to smuggle it into Iraq.
Investigations by the prosecution revealed that the seized drugs, which have a shortage of medical centers and hospitals in Egypt, and if successfully smuggled into Iraq are sold in the market in millions of dollars.
Investigations showed that the defendants formed a form of smuggling drugs supported through the port of ain Sukhna in Suez, inside a container for the export of household items.
The investigation said that the owners of pharmaceutical companies dealing with government agencies to trade in and support the subsidized drugs, through smuggling abroad with the help of export companies, and sell the drugs in the market in Baghdad in dollars.
The Control agencies detected The largest form of organized crime is the smuggling of drugs abroad in exchange for millions of dollars, where seized elements of the Administrative Control Authority, a formation led by a Syrian trader nationality and includes workers of pharmaceutical companies, employees and customs inspectors. According to the Administrative Control Authority, the formation collected large quantities of medicines, homemade and imported in order to smuggle out for millions of dollars, for the benefit of others in Iraq.
The arrest of the accused, Where the members of the Administrative Control Authority raided (3) drug stores in Cairo and Suez and seized tens of tons of different medicines. This coincided with the seizure of a 40-foot container containing 22 tons of drugs inside the customs department at the port of Ain Sukhna while being loaded with forged documents that contain various household items. The conversion of the value of these large quantities of medicines in foreign currency into a special account of a company in a Gulf state.
As well Damietta customs authorities in Egypt have attempted to smuggle a large quantity of drugs into a container containing 28 tons of hair remover to Iraq. There are 224 cartons of hair remover produced by the exporting company. 2404 Cartons of Egyptian human medicines imported from France and England are not mentioned. In the documents and the violation and without any health approvals or authorizations and concessions from the producing companies. It has been shown to contain the types of “Motilium syrup for indigestion and nausea, colospasmine tablets for spasm, autocalm drops for the ear and deprosalic ointment and syrup (one tow three) for colds, children’s aspirin tablets, lemons powder for indigestion, glycerin suppositories for constipation, ovaline hair remover, Zincal for the treatment of obesity and weight loss, Dipakin for epileptic seizures, nasal sprays, Lotion, Calamine, Lirka, and other medicines.
As confirmed by the President of the Health Committee in the House of Representatives, qutaiba AlJubouri In August 2017, that “many drugs enter the country in the form of smuggling and without any seizure or control with significant neglect of the health sector.
He said that “the foundations established by the Ministry of Health since 2003 are the basis for partisan and Nepotism adoption, The professional and specialized aspect in selecting the medical, administrative and health leadership of the Ministry without taking into account the efficiency and professional skills was not taken into account in the selection process. “
He added that “There are a lot of outlets to smuggle drugs, there are medicines that come at cheap prices and are sold in the local markets at high prices. There is also a manipulation of the quality of medicine.”
A spokesman for the Parliamentary Integrity Commission, MP Adel Nuri, at a press conference in the House of Parliament, on 25 May 2017, that “the Integrity Commission oversaw many files of corruption during the previous period, including smuggling of weapons and money laundering, and other files of corruption, but what we have recently noticed that Baghdad International Airport and air cargo operations A shift to a smuggling station for weapons, drugs and narcotic drugs.”
He added: “The necessary information and documents were collected after coordination with the officials of the Financial Control Bureau and the Customs Authority, and the smuggled materials were reached.” However, when the spoilers learned that the information reached the regulators, they manipulated a range of materials and envelopes and Part of which was leaked. “
Nuri explained that ”There are tens of tons of expired drugs and narcotic drugs, in addition to the tax evasion inside Baghdad airport, a secure airport from all sides, and cannot enter a straw without being subject to formal procedures. The airport is witnessing the smuggling of hundreds of tons of drugs, weapons and narcotics, and distributed to other airports in Iraq, including the airport Sulaymaniyah and Erbil.
He continued: ”The Commission made a surprise visit to Baghdad airport and put its hands on tens of tons of materials, including expired anesthetic ampoules, expired medical aspegic powder, and stomach capsules, all kept in poor conditions and a dirty place that turned into a waste dump in violation of health conditions Standard. “
The Iraqi MP said that “the registration of a series of financial and health violations on hundreds of tons of material received at Baghdad airport, and that the State does not receive any revenue,” surely that “traders manipulate the date of validity and packaging, in collusion by many government agencies.”
As warned the MP from the province of Basra, Mazen al-Mazni, on 14 May 2017, from the continuing smuggling of carcinogenic drugs and the entering of it in a crooked way to Iraq because of corruption at the border crossings.
For his part, Confirmed Ahmed al-Shammari, a staff member of the border crossing of Zurbatiya (A border post with Iran), that the quantities of Iranian medicines and medical drugs were destroyed because of their lack of suitability, and non-conformance to specifications, pointing out that “the last of a shipment of drugs estimated to amount more than two tones, entered through the port of Zurbatiya border to a company specialized in the sale of drugs confiscated and destroyed “.
Al-Shammari said: “The Iranian food and medicines are not subject to scrutiny by the quality control system. These are among the orders we receive from the officials in the port.” He explained that “the destruction of the shipment of medicines was due to competition among drug dealers. And had to be destroyed. “
He surely on that “the drug trade stands behind the influential parties in the government, and cannot prevent the entry of the corrupt ones.”
To that, the Director General of the Directorate of Combating Economic Crime, Major General Hussein Al-Shammari, He said in Press Conference: “There are large merchants with power and influence at the border crossings and health control bodies help them introduce corrupt medicines.”
Al-Shammari added that “the Directorate confiscated many tons over the past years of damaged or undamaged medicines, which are sold by non-specialists persons or monopolies companies.”
He pointed out that “85% of these confiscated drugs were expired, and therefore many citizens have died as a result of this heinous crime.”
The phenomenon of Counterfeit medicines Like dozens of health problems in Iraq, which are dominated by influential traders in the Iraqi government, most of whom belong to religious parties and armed militias. And that some politicians from the members of the House of Representatives or ministers have companies with the names of ordinary people to mislead public opinion. Today, pharmaceutical companies are suddenly emerging, importing medicines from unknown origins. Most of the drugs that come to Iraq from Iranian factories are under Iranian influence in Iraq.
In October 2016, one of the Iraqi channels published a report on the seizure by the customs authorities of a shipment of counterfeit medicines at the port of Umm Qasr in Basra (southern Iraq) coming from Iran.
and the Director of customs at the port of Umm Qasr Said at that time: “Over the past few months, the port of Umm Qasr has entered containers of more than 30 containers, loaded with more than 120 tons of damaged and damaged medicines.”
It is worth noting that Iran is Iraq’s second trading partner after China, importing the bulk of food, medicine, building materials and technical and engineering services from Iran.
Where Iran no longer conceals its military involvement in Iraq, in support of the sect that it claims to owe allegiance to it. The militias of death have become a force parallel to the state, in its destruction, brutality and economic incursion, until Iraq becomes one of the “Wali al Faqih” states in practice.
Iran did not take into account its sons who owe it allegiance, Loyalty and ideological belonging, Gave its food and worst medicines to the Iraqi people in all sects, Instead of turning their drug labs into a waste of medicine in the trash they send to the Iraqi markets, they are exported through the official ports, The perdition included all, If the militia targets Sunnis, Those who oppose Iran’s Shiite reference, the counterfeit medicine did not differentiate between this and that, it spreads death in justice among all.
For Kurdistan portion of the problem where the volume of corrupt and fraudulent drugs that entered the Kurdistan region of Iraq during the past years, estimated by the Ministry of Health there 18% of the total drugs traded in Kurdistan. This is what is recognized by the Health and Environment Committee in the Parliament of Kurdistan. The fake and corrupt drugs, as a source in the committee says, are spread everywhere in Kurdistan. They enter the region through all the ports. They are monopolized by traders. No one can stop them because in short they are supported by powerful politicians in the region.
The Commission supports the recognition of the Kurdistan Ministry of Health earlier that an unauthorized industry was discovered in the city of Erbil, found three tons of dangerous chemicals smuggled into Kurdistan for use in the manufacture of counterfeit drugs are not usable, They were placed in medicine boxes of original global origin They are sold in pharmacies as medicines imported from global origin, At prices up to $ 50 per pack. The issue of this unauthorized laboratory, which produced thousands of corrupt medicine cans, which was subsequently used by thousands of citizens of Kurdistan, Without daring anyone to press to reveal their hidden, Just like the scandal of the discharge of 2500 packets of insulin injections into hospitals and pharmacies with official documents issued by the Ministry of Health Kurdistan, before the tests revealed that they are counterfeit drugs.
In addition to the reservation of another six tons proved to be expired, while the tests indicated that 40 boxes of medicines that have been reserved.
On July 21, 2017, the Directorate of Sulaymaniyah Customs revealed that it had foiled an attempt to introduce drugs contrary to the regulations via the border crossing of Pashmakh with Iran to Kurdistan.
and its continued, That “the container was entered to the region through the border crossing Pashmakh, which is illegal because the drugs must enter the region in refrigerated trucks, but that the shipment came in a container,” noting that “dealing with this shipment will be by the Ministry of Health Which will decide the issue and what these drugs and a legal investigation will be conducted on how to pass the shipment of medicines to the region.
One of the most important rights of citizens in any country in the world is the basic right to treatment, and that the State must ensure that the treatment of patients who do not have the money for treatment and the state is committed to provide medicines for all cases of illness. Does Iraq provide all the needs of patients who are unable to receive treatment and medicine or does the Iraqi government in the midst of its “endless” war on terror, forget its sick citizens and leave them prey to exploiters?
Many Iraqi patients die every year because of the lack of medicines, ill-treatment and neglect they are exposed to. It is enough to know that the most important medicines provided by Iraq, including subsidized cancer drugs, which are supposed to reach cancer patients at the lowest prices, are smuggled from the Ministry of Health stores to be sold. In pharmacies of fictional prices and cannot be afforded by cancer patients who cannot.
While an Iraqi economic study said that the volume of smuggled drugs annually in the amount of one billion and 750 million dollars across the various outlets due to rampant corruption in many of them, and the head of the Committee on Health and Environment in the Basra provincial council Haider AlSaadi to declare that a law to establish buffer zones between Iraq and Iran and Kuwait To inspect shipments. But why do federal authorities in Baghdad turn a blind eye to smuggling even though the ports are under their jurisdiction?